18 months ago by
(I added DESeq2 tag, if you don't add a package name then you won't trigger an email to the package maintainer)
The transformed data are what we recommend for working with downstream methods. The transformations are roughly on the log scale which helps to deal with the skew of count data, and are variance stabilized, which, compared to a log(x+1) or something similar, reduces the noise associated with other transformations of small counts obviating the choice of a cutoff for low signal features. Are the transformed counts normally distributed (across samples)? This is certainly not a guarantee of the transformations, but instead the transformation offers the two advantages listed above, which I would expect to generally improve performance of many downstream methods.