globaltest mulitple testing correction
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@mpg33drexeledu-1897
Last seen 7.1 years ago
In the paper and vignette describing the globaltest package, the authors mention the need for multiple testing when testing large numbers of pathways or functional gene groups. While I agree the number of statistical tests does need to be accounted for, I do not understand the need for additional multiple testing correction if the permutation method of calculating p-values is used. This method is used often to approximate the false discovery rate, most notably in the original implementation of Significance Analysis of Microarrays (SAM). Am I on track with my assessment here or is the additional multiple testing correction used as a more accurate way of obtaining the true FDR? Thanks, Michael Gormley
Pathways globaltest Pathways globaltest • 625 views
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Claus Mayer ▴ 330
@claus-mayer-1179
Last seen 7.0 years ago
European Union
Hello Michael, I think there are some things you are confusing here. It is correct that SAM uses a permutation method to give q-values, i.e.estimates of the FDR one would obtain when thresholding at the given value of the test-statistic. This is SAM's specific way of using the permutations though. In general a permutation test will give you a simple traditional p-value for each gene, that has to be corrected for multiplicity just like any other p-value. The main difference is that a permutation method doesn't use a theoretical probability distribution to calculate, but uses an empircial distribution obtained by resampling. For large sample-sizes the two distributions and thus the two p-values obtained from them will hardly differ, which is one way to see that calculating a permutation p-value does not solve the multiple testing problem per se. The same holds if you test many pathways/gene sets and obtain a p-value for each. If for example you have 100 pathways and call all the ones with p less than 5% significant you would expect 5 significant pathways by chance, even if none of them is really changed, i.e. you have the same old multiple testing problem. Possibly one could come up with SAM like way of giving q-values for this situation (it is quite likely that somebody has already come up with that idea too, others here might know that better), but as far as I know the Globaltest package doesn't do that, so they are absolutely correct in the paper and vignette about this issue. One thing to keep in mind is that adjusting p-values for gene set analysis is not trivial as the gene sets are likely to overlap. Hope that helps, Claus Michael Gormley wrote: > In the paper and vignette describing the globaltest package, the > authors mention the need for multiple testing when testing large > numbers of pathways or functional gene groups. While I agree the > number of statistical tests does need to be accounted for, I do not > understand the need for additional multiple testing correction if the > permutation method of calculating p-values is used. This method is > used often to approximate the false discovery rate, most notably in > the original implementation of Significance Analysis of Microarrays > (SAM). Am I on track with my assessment here or is the additional > multiple testing correction used as a more accurate way of obtaining > the true FDR? > > Thanks, > Michael Gormley > > _______________________________________________ > Bioconductor mailing list > Bioconductor at stat.math.ethz.ch > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/bioconductor > Search the archives: http://news.gmane.org/gmane.science.biology.informatics.conductor > > > -- ********************************************************************** ************* Dr Claus-D. Mayer | http://www.bioss.ac.uk Biomathematics & Statistics Scotland | email: claus at bioss.ac.uk Rowett Research Institute | Telephone: +44 (0) 1224 716652 Aberdeen AB21 9SB, Scotland, UK. | Fax: +44 (0) 1224 715349 ********************************************************************** ************* Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland (BioSS) is formally part of The Scottish Crop Research Institute (SCRI), a registered Scottish charity No. SC006662
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