Not able to display actual grayscale image using EBImage
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Kpurva ▴ 10
@kpurva-10058
Last seen 4.8 years ago
Germany

I am using the `EBImage` package for image processing in R. I have a `260 by 134` `Matrix` which I converted to an image using 

    > image1 <- as.Image(matrix1)

And, here is the image object summary

    > image1
      colorMode    : Grayscale
      storage.mode : double
      dim          : 260 134
      frames.total : 1
      frames.render: 1 

    imageData(object)[1:5,1:6]
         [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6]
    [1,]    0    0    0    0    0    0
    [2,]    0    0    0    0    0    0
    [3,]    0    0    0    0    0    0
    [4,]    0    0    0    0    0    0
    [5,]    0    0    0    0    0    0

A value greater than zero for a specific cell in the `image` object looks like this:

   > imageData(image1)[9,2]
    [1] 3686.308

I then use the `display` function in the `EBImage` package to view the image which is build from the matrix data. 

    > display(image1, method = "raster")

However, I get a binary image i.e just black and white pixels. I have shown it below. My data does not just consist of `0` and `1`. The background values are zero but the regions with the actual image pattern have values higher than 1. How do I display the image using grayscale and using the functions in this package? Did someone face a similar issue? I also could not find a parameter to specify a gradient level.

Binary image generated using EBImage package

ebimage image processing image display • 981 views
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Andrzej Oleś ▴ 750
@andrzej-oles-5540
Last seen 8 months ago
Heidelberg, Germany

The reason why the image renders only as black and white is because the display function expects values in the range [0, 1]. Values higher than 1 are clipped and effectively display as 1 (white).

To properly visualize your data you first need to scale the pixel intensity values to the [0, 1] range. This can be done with the help of the normalize function:

image1 <- normalize(image1)
display(image1, method = "raster")
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