Why are padj results different for BetaPrior = TRUE vs lfcShrink()?
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Entering edit mode
Ali Barry ▴ 30
@2f691b31
Last seen 5 hours ago
United Kingdom

Hi,

I'm struggling to wrap my head around the change in absolute number of DEGs calculated using different shrinkage methods when I specify independent hypothesis weight (ihw) in both instances. Is this difference expected, or am I feeding results into lfcShrink incorrectly? Possibly an assumption I'm missing?

Overview

Building my DESeq object

> dds <- DESeqDataSetFromMatrix(countData = toc, colData = colData, design = ~batch + Pop_Sex)
> dds <- estimateSizeFactors(dds)
> dds <- estimateDispersions(dds)
gene-wise dispersion estimates
mean-dispersion relationship
final dispersion estimates

Hypothesis Testing

a) Hypothesis testing using normal shrinkage through BetaPrior=TRUE

> dds$Pop_Sex <- relevel(dds$Pop_Sex,"MRTD_F")
> dds <- nbinomWaldTest(dds, betaPrior=TRUE) 
found results columns, replacing these

> resultsNames(dds)
 [1] "Intercept"     "batch1"        "batch2"        "Pop_SexMRTD_F" "Pop_SexCGRT_F" "Pop_SexCGRT_M"
 [7] "Pop_SexCRTH_F" "Pop_SexCRTH_M" "Pop_SexMRTD_M" "Pop_SexTBAC_F" "Pop_SexTBAC_M" "Pop_SexTDNV_F"
[13] "Pop_SexTDNV_M"

> results_MRTD_norm <- results(dds, contrast=c("Pop_Sex","MRTD_M", "MRTD_F"), cooksCutoff=TRUE, filterFun=ihw)
> table(results_MRTD_norm$padj < 0.05)

FALSE  TRUE 
44233    15

b) Hypothesis testing using apeglm shrinkage through lfcShrink

> dds$Pop_Sex <- relevel(dds$Pop_Sex,"MRTD_F") 
> dds <- nbinomWaldTest(dds, betaPrior=FALSE)
found results columns, replacing these

> resultsNames(dds)
 [1] "Intercept"                "batch_2_vs_1"             "Pop_Sex_CGRT_F_vs_MRTD_F"
 [4] "Pop_Sex_CGRT_M_vs_MRTD_F" "Pop_Sex_CRTH_F_vs_MRTD_F" "Pop_Sex_CRTH_M_vs_MRTD_F"
 [7] "Pop_Sex_MRTD_M_vs_MRTD_F" "Pop_Sex_TBAC_F_vs_MRTD_F" "Pop_Sex_TBAC_M_vs_MRTD_F"
[10] "Pop_Sex_TDNV_F_vs_MRTD_F" "Pop_Sex_TDNV_M_vs_MRTD_F"


> res <- results(dds, name="Pop_Sex_MRTD_M_vs_MRTD_F", cooksCutoff=TRUE, filterFun=ihw)
> results_MRTD_ape  <- lfcShrink(dds, coef="Pop_Sex_MRTD_M_vs_MRTD_F", res=res, type="apeglm")
> table(results_MRTD_ape$padj < 0.05)

FALSE  TRUE 
44122   126 

# gives very similar result (112 padj < 0.05) when fed into lfcShrink
# res  <- results(dds, contrast=c("Pop_Sex","MRTD_M", "MRTD_F"), cooksCutoff=TRUE, filterFun=ihw)
> DESeq2::plotMA(results_MRTD_norm)
![MAplot for normal shrinkage][1]

> DESeq2::plotMA(results_MRTD_ape)
![MAplot from apeglm shrinkage][1]
> head(results_MRTD_norm)
log2 fold change (MAP): Pop_Sex MRTD_M vs MRTD_F 
Wald test p-value: Pop_Sex MRTD_M vs MRTD_F 
DataFrame with 6 rows and 7 columns
                      baseMean log2FoldChange     lfcSE      stat    pvalue      padj    weight
                     <numeric>      <numeric> <numeric> <numeric> <numeric> <numeric> <numeric>
ENSMUSG00000000001 724.6171634      -0.107774  0.297979 -0.361685  0.717588         1  0.866199
ENSMUSG00000000003   0.0243594       0.000000  0.621820  0.000000  1.000000         1  0.000000
ENSMUSG00000000028  45.0620373      -0.165511  0.637214 -0.259741  0.795064         1  2.245600
ENSMUSG00000000031 698.5754183      -0.154553  1.053695 -0.146677  0.883387         1  1.121025
ENSMUSG00000000037   3.6064554       0.335497  0.659736  0.508532  0.611081         1  1.897672
ENSMUSG00000000049 249.3472568       0.145636  0.543124  0.268145  0.788587         1  1.606663


> head(results_MRTD_ape)
log2 fold change (MAP): Pop Sex MRTD M vs MRTD F 
Wald test p-value: Pop Sex MRTD M vs MRTD F 
DataFrame with 6 rows and 5 columns
                      baseMean log2FoldChange      lfcSE    pvalue      padj
                     <numeric>      <numeric>  <numeric> <numeric> <numeric>
ENSMUSG00000000001 724.6171634   -1.23632e-06 0.00144268  0.716050         1
ENSMUSG00000000003   0.0243594   -7.51882e-09 0.00144270  0.994846         1
ENSMUSG00000000028  45.0620373   -3.66459e-07 0.00144269  0.802388         1
ENSMUSG00000000031 698.5754183   -7.02208e-08 0.00144269  0.943279         1
ENSMUSG00000000037   3.6064554    6.82196e-07 0.00144269  0.629760         1
ENSMUSG00000000049 249.3472568    4.22034e-07 0.00144269  0.825730         1

Session details

> sessionInfo( )
R version 4.1.0 (2021-05-18)
Platform: x86_64-w64-mingw32/x64 (64-bit)
Running under: Windows 10 x64 (build 19044)

Matrix products: default

locale:
[1] LC_COLLATE=English_United Kingdom.1252  LC_CTYPE=English_United Kingdom.1252    LC_MONETARY=English_United Kingdom.1252
[4] LC_NUMERIC=C                            LC_TIME=English_United Kingdom.1252    

attached base packages:
 [1] grid      stats4    parallel  stats     graphics  grDevices utils     datasets  methods   base     

other attached packages:
 [1] msigdbr_7.4.1               pathfindR_1.6.3             pathfindR.data_1.1.2        goseq_1.44.0               
 [5] geneLenDataBase_1.28.0      BiasedUrn_1.07              GenomicFeatures_1.44.2      org.Mm.eg.db_3.13.0        
 [9] AnnotationDbi_1.54.1        BiocParallel_1.26.1         ggrepel_0.9.1               clusterProfiler_4.0.5      
[13] biomaRt_2.48.3              venneuler_1.1-0             rJava_1.0-6                 ggbiplot_0.55              
[17] scales_1.1.1                plyr_1.8.6                  ggpubr_0.4.0                cowplot_1.1.1              
[21] forcats_0.5.1               stringr_1.4.0               purrr_0.3.4                 readr_2.1.1                
[25] tidyr_1.1.4                 tibble_3.1.3                tidyverse_1.3.1             viridis_0.6.2              
[29] viridisLite_0.4.0           dplyr_1.0.7                 ComplexHeatmap_2.8.0        RColorBrewer_1.1-2         
[33] ggplot2_3.3.5               gplots_3.1.1                limma_3.48.3                IHW_1.20.0                 
[37] vsn_3.60.0                  DESeq2_1.32.0               SummarizedExperiment_1.22.0 MatrixGenerics_1.4.3       
[41] matrixStats_0.61.0          GenomicRanges_1.44.0        GenomeInfoDb_1.28.4         IRanges_2.26.0             
[45] S4Vectors_0.30.0            GEOquery_2.60.0             Biobase_2.52.0              BiocGenerics_0.38.0        

loaded via a namespace (and not attached):
  [1] rappdirs_0.3.3           rtracklayer_1.52.1       coda_0.19-4              bit64_4.0.5              knitr_1.37              
  [6] DelayedArray_0.18.0      data.table_1.14.2        KEGGREST_1.32.0          RCurl_1.98-1.3           doParallel_1.0.17       
 [11] generics_0.1.2           snow_0.4-4               preprocessCore_1.54.0    RSQLite_2.2.7            shadowtext_0.1.1        
 [16] bit_4.0.4                tzdb_0.2.0               enrichplot_1.12.3        xml2_1.3.2               lubridate_1.8.0         
 [21] assertthat_0.2.1         apeglm_1.14.0            xfun_0.28                hms_1.1.1                babelgene_21.4          
 [26] evaluate_0.15            fansi_0.5.0              restfulr_0.0.13          progress_1.2.2           caTools_1.18.2          
 [31] dbplyr_2.1.1             readxl_1.3.1             igraph_1.2.7             DBI_1.1.2                geneplotter_1.70.0      
 [36] ellipsis_0.3.2           backports_1.4.0          annotate_1.70.0          vctrs_0.3.8              Cairo_1.5-12.2          
 [41] abind_1.4-5              cachem_1.0.5             withr_2.4.3              ggforce_0.3.3            bdsmatrix_1.3-4         
 [46] GenomicAlignments_1.28.0 treeio_1.16.2            fdrtool_1.2.17           prettyunits_1.1.1        cluster_2.1.2           
 [51] DOSE_3.18.3              ape_5.5                  lazyeval_0.2.2           crayon_1.5.0             genefilter_1.74.0       
 [56] pkgconfig_2.0.3          slam_0.1-48              labeling_0.4.2           tweenr_1.0.2             nlme_3.1-152            
 [61] rlang_0.4.11             lifecycle_1.0.1          downloader_0.4           filelock_1.0.2           affyio_1.62.0           
 [66] BiocFileCache_2.0.0      modelr_0.1.8             cellranger_1.1.0         polyclip_1.10-0          Matrix_1.3-3            
 [71] aplot_0.1.2              carData_3.0-5            lpsymphony_1.20.0        reprex_2.0.1             GlobalOptions_0.1.2     
 [76] png_0.1-7                rjson_0.2.20             bitops_1.0-7             KernSmooth_2.23-20       Biostrings_2.60.1       
 [81] blob_1.2.2               shape_1.4.6              qvalue_2.24.0            rstatix_0.7.0            gridGraphics_0.5-1      
 [86] ggsignif_0.6.3           memoise_2.0.1            magrittr_2.0.1           zlibbioc_1.38.0          compiler_4.1.0          
 [91] scatterpie_0.1.7         BiocIO_1.2.0             bbmle_1.0.24             clue_0.3-60              Rsamtools_2.8.0         
 [96] cli_3.1.0                affy_1.70.0              XVector_0.32.0           patchwork_1.1.1          MASS_7.3-54             
[101] mgcv_1.8-35              tidyselect_1.1.1         stringi_1.7.3            emdbook_1.3.12           yaml_2.3.5              
[106] GOSemSim_2.18.1          locfit_1.5-9.4           fastmatch_1.1-3          tools_4.1.0              circlize_0.4.14         
[111] rstudioapi_0.13          foreach_1.5.2            gridExtra_2.3            farver_2.1.0             ggraph_2.0.5            
[116] digest_0.6.27            BiocManager_1.30.16      Rcpp_1.0.7               car_3.0-12               broom_0.7.12            
[121] httr_1.4.2               colorspace_2.0-2         rvest_1.0.2              XML_3.99-0.6             fs_1.5.2                
[126] splines_4.1.0            yulab.utils_0.0.4        tidytree_0.3.8           graphlayouts_0.7.1       ggplotify_0.1.0         
[131] xtable_1.8-4             jsonlite_1.7.2           ggtree_3.0.4             tidygraph_1.2.0          ggfun_0.0.5             
[136] R6_2.5.1                 htmltools_0.5.2          pillar_1.7.0             glue_1.4.2               fastmap_1.1.0           
[141] codetools_0.2-18         fgsea_1.18.0             mvtnorm_1.1-3            utf8_1.2.2               lattice_0.20-44         
[146] numDeriv_2016.8-1.1      curl_4.3.2               gtools_3.9.2             GO.db_3.13.0             survival_3.2-11         
[151] rmarkdown_2.11           munsell_0.5.0            DO.db_2.9                GetoptLong_1.0.5         GenomeInfoDbData_1.2.6  
[156] iterators_1.0.14         haven_2.4.3              reshape2_1.4.4           gtable_0.3.0
IHW lfcShrink DESeq2 • 197 views
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MA plots didn't upload properly, here at the links for ref.

normal : MAplot_normal.png
apeglm : MAplot_apeglm.png

R markdown : Rmd file

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Entering edit mode
@mikelove
Last seen 6 hours ago
United States

betaPrior=TRUE is essentially deprecated and not recommended since ~2016, as discussed in the apeglm paper. So really these should give the same results, because lfcShrink has no effect on padj.

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Thanks for the quick reply! The discrepancy was making me question my knowledge of shrinkage. I'm moving forward with lfcShrink anyways, but this definitely adds confidence.

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