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Question: Analysis of Affymetrix Human Gene 2.0 ST arrays
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gravatar for María Maqueda González
4.0 years ago by
Hi Jim,I fully understand your comments. I thought I made a Reply-all, but I will pay more attention next time. Sorry for the inconvenience. Maria > Date: Fri, 29 Nov 2013 14:33:36 -0500 > From: jmacdon@uw.edu > To: mmaqueda@live.com > CC: Bioconductor@r-project.org > Subject: Re: [BioC] Analysis of Affymetrix Human Gene 2.0 ST arrays > > Hi Maria, > > Please don't take messages off-list (e.g., use Reply-all). We like to > think of the list archives as a repository of information that people > can search, and if messages become private, that hampers the usefulness > of the archives. > > > On 11/29/2013 1:38 PM, María Maqueda González wrote: > > Hi Jim, > > Many thanks for your quick and very comprehensive response. > > > > From your comments, I have one more question related: > > > > (1) I understand your comments about the intron control transcripts, > > but I do not fully understand the rescue transcript category that I > > have also obtained in my topTable transcripts. > > There are two things to think about here. > > First, there is the issue of statistical significance versus biological > significance. Note that the t-statistic is a fraction, and in the > numerator you have the difference between the means of two groups, and > in the denominator you have the standard error of that difference. The > standard error is based on the intra-group variability. So if you have a > particular probeset and the intra-group variability for that probeset is > extremely small, then you can end up with a statistically significant > result even if the fold change isn't very large at all. > > The eBayes step is intended to protect against this to some extent, by > adjusting 'too small' standard errors towards the overall variance > estimate, but protecting against something and completely eliminating it > are two different things. So it may be that the differences for these > controls aren't that great, and it is just happenstance that the > intra-group variance is small enough to get statistical significance. > One thing you can do to protect against that sort of thing is to filter > out probesets that don't really change expression very much in any > samples (or just use getMainProbes and nuke all these controls in the > first place, which is what I would do). > > Second, just because something shows up in a topTable, doesn't mean it > is actually differentially expressed. I don't know how you are adjusting > for multiple comparisons, but let's just assume you are using FDR. If > you then take the probesets with an FDR > 0.05, you are accepting that > up to 5% of the probesets in that list are false positives. In other > words, 5% of the probesets in that table aren't really differentially > expressed, they just happen to have a large t-statistic by chance. Thus, > the rescue probeset(s) that you have might just be false positives. > > Best, > > Jim > > > > > No need to send the function, but thanks in any case for offering. > > > > Regards, > > > > Maria > > > > > Date: Fri, 29 Nov 2013 09:04:20 -0500 > > > From: jmacdon@uw.edu > > > To: guest@bioconductor.org > > > CC: bioconductor@r-project.org; mmaqueda@live.com > > > Subject: Re: [BioC] Analysis of Affymetrix Human Gene 2.0 ST arrays > > > > > > Hi Maria, > > > > > > > > > On 11/29/2013 6:18 AM, María Maqueda [guest] wrote: > > > > Dear all, > > > > > > > > I am analyzing a set of Affymetrix Human Gene 2.0 ST arrays, this > > is my first time working with this type of arrays so I have a few > > general questions. I would very much appreciate any advice you could give. > > > > > > > > (1) I have obtained different lists of differentially expressed > > genes (using eBayes() from limma). In those lists, some control > > transcripts are popping up (i.e normgene -> intron category among > > other categories). I was not expecting this type of transcripts at > > this point. In theory after normalization, no control transcripts > > should appear, am I right? Have you experienced this? > > > > I have read that one possibility is to use getMainProbes before > > topTable selection but I wonder if there could be something wrong from > > the beginning with my normalization process (I have used rma() – > > transcript level - from oligo). What is your opinion? > > > > > > I don't think it has anything to do with the normalization. Instead, I > > > think it is a combination of poorly designed probes and highly > > expressed > > > genes for which there are sufficient unprocessed mRNA transcripts that > > > still have their introns intact (remember that the processing of > > samples > > > stops all enzymatic activity very quickly as a first step, so any mRNA > > > that is in the process of being transcribed, or is just finishing > > > transcription will likely still have introns). > > > > > > > > > > > (2) This type of arrays also includes lincRNA transcripts and I am > > interested in considering them for my analysis. The thing is that I am > > using hugene20sttranscriptcluster.db for annotation and these lincRNA > > are not included. Would this library be able to handle them? > > > > > > Hypothetically yes, as of now not really. It doesn't seem like that > > many > > > have been annotated with Entrez Gene IDs, and until that happens they > > > won't appear in the annotation packages. And even for those that do > > have > > > Entrez Gene IDs, the information stops there - you go to NCBI and it > > > just says that the lincRNA is supposed to exist, but nothing else. > > > > > > > > > > > (3) I tried to make my own annotation package thru makeDBPackage > > based on .csv annotation file from Affy but I got an error…: Error > > in `[.data.frame`(csvFile, , GenBank IDName) : undefined columns selected > > > > I have already read in this mailing list that makeDBPackage may > > expect a HGU133plus2 annotation “style”. Would the library > > annotationForge be able to handle this? > > > > > > AnnotationForge cannot handle the csv files for these arrays directly, > > > as they are completely different from the old style 3'-biased arrays > > > like the hgu133plus2 that you mention. I have a function I can give you > > > to make the input file for the annotation package, but I don't think it > > > is worth it because it would be the function that I already used to > > make > > > the annotation package you can get from BioC. So you could go through > > > all the effort to make something you can already get. > > > > > > But if you want it, I will send it to you. > > > > > > Best, > > > > > > Jim > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > Many thanks in advance for any help! > > > > > > > > > > > > María Maqueda > > > > > > > > Biomedical Engineering Research Centre (CREB) > > > > Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC) > > > > > > > > -- output of sessionInfo(): > > > > > > > >> sessionInfo() > > > > R version 3.0.1 (2013-05-16) > > > > Platform: x86_64-w64-mingw32/x64 (64-bit) > > > > > > > > locale: > > > > [1] LC_COLLATE=Spanish_Spain.1252 LC_CTYPE=Spanish_Spain.1252 > > > > [3] LC_MONETARY=Spanish_Spain.1252 LC_NUMERIC=C > > > > [5] LC_TIME=Spanish_Spain.1252 > > > > > > > > attached base packages: > > > > [1] parallel stats graphics grDevices utils datasets methods base > > > > > > > > other attached packages: > > > > [1] human.db0_2.9.0 AnnotationForge_1.2.2 > > > > [3] hugene20sttranscriptcluster.db_2.12.1 org.Hs.eg.db_2.9.0 > > > > [5] AnnotationDbi_1.22.6 BiocInstaller_1.12.0 > > > > [7] limma_3.16.8 pd.hugene.2.0.st_3.8.0 > > > > [9] oligo_1.24.2 Biobase_2.20.1 > > > > [11] oligoClasses_1.22.0 BiocGenerics_0.6.0 > > > > [13] RSQLite_0.11.4 DBI_0.2-7 > > > > > > > > loaded via a namespace (and not attached): > > > > [1] affxparser_1.32.3 affyio_1.28.0 annotate_1.38.0 > > > > [4] Biostrings_2.28.0 bit_1.1-10 codetools_0.2-8 > > > > [7] ff_2.2-12 foreach_1.4.1 genefilter_1.42.0 > > > > [10] GenomicRanges_1.12.5 IRanges_1.18.4 iterators_1.0.6 > > > > [13] preprocessCore_1.22.0 splines_3.0.1 stats4_3.0.1 > > > > [16] survival_2.37-4 tools_3.0.1 XML_3.98-1.1 > > > > [19] xtable_1.7-1 zlibbioc_1.6.0 > > > > > > > > -- > > > > Sent via the guest posting facility at bioconductor.org. > > > > > > > > _______________________________________________ > > > > Bioconductor mailing list > > > > Bioconductor@r-project.org > > > > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/bioconductor > > > > Search the archives: > > http://news.gmane.org/gmane.science.biology.informatics.conductor > > > > > > -- > > > James W. MacDonald, M.S. > > > Biostatistician > > > University of Washington > > > Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences > > > 4225 Roosevelt Way NE, # 100 > > > Seattle WA 98105-6099 > > > > > -- > James W. MacDonald, M.S. > Biostatistician > University of Washington > Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences > 4225 Roosevelt Way NE, # 100 > Seattle WA 98105-6099 > [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
ADD COMMENTlink modified 4.0 years ago by Federico Lasa80 • written 4.0 years ago by María Maqueda González20
0
gravatar for Federico Lasa
4.0 years ago by
Federico Lasa80 wrote:
Hello, I also have doubts regarding this platform (Gene ST v1 1.0 in my case) so I'm gonna hop in with some questions and problems I'm encountering. I also had (a lot of) control/intron probes popping in the topTable of differentially expressed genes and while I realize i could just remove them, i wonder. ¿why does the oligo package keep them after summarization? It doesn't do so for other platforms (it removes 'random' control probes from nimblegen, for instance). Another question would be regarding at which point would one want to remove them, previous to the DE analysis? afterwards? does it matter? I want to use frozen rma and barcode for this data since frma vectors for the platform are available. frma has given me some headaches. - frma changes the annotation info from the GeneFeatureSet, it drops the "pd" part from the name (bug? intended?). - Displays a message: "Either probeVarWhithin or probeVarBetween is 0 for some probes -- setting corresponding weights to 1". Should I be worried about this? is this normal? is it related to the control probes? - When using frma on a GeneFeatureSet which has phenoData annotation it it throws an error. -barcode function requires a platform argument (1 out of 3) that doesn't match the actual platform of the expression set. You can circumvent this by specifying the vectors manually and setting platform as any of the ones "allowed" but I doubt this is the intended use. So I'm left wondering if it's "OK" to use barcode on any platform other than the 3 "allowed" by the function, even if vectors are available. -plus some other things I probably forgot already. I'd be happy to go into more detail about the problems with the developers if there's interest. Cheers. On Mon, Dec 2, 2013 at 4:04 AM, María Maqueda González <mmaqueda@live.com>wrote: > Hi Jim,I fully understand your comments. I thought I made a Reply- all, but > I will pay more attention next time. Sorry for the inconvenience. > Maria > > > Date: Fri, 29 Nov 2013 14:33:36 -0500 > > From: jmacdon@uw.edu > > To: mmaqueda@live.com > > CC: Bioconductor@r-project.org > > Subject: Re: [BioC] Analysis of Affymetrix Human Gene 2.0 ST arrays > > > > Hi Maria, > > > > Please don't take messages off-list (e.g., use Reply-all). We like to > > think of the list archives as a repository of information that people > > can search, and if messages become private, that hampers the usefulness > > of the archives. > > > > > > On 11/29/2013 1:38 PM, María Maqueda González wrote: > > > Hi Jim, > > > Many thanks for your quick and very comprehensive response. > > > > > > From your comments, I have one more question related: > > > > > > (1) I understand your comments about the intron control transcripts, > > > but I do not fully understand the rescue transcript category that I > > > have also obtained in my topTable transcripts. > > > > There are two things to think about here. > > > > First, there is the issue of statistical significance versus biological > > significance. Note that the t-statistic is a fraction, and in the > > numerator you have the difference between the means of two groups, and > > in the denominator you have the standard error of that difference. The > > standard error is based on the intra-group variability. So if you have a > > particular probeset and the intra-group variability for that probeset is > > extremely small, then you can end up with a statistically significant > > result even if the fold change isn't very large at all. > > > > The eBayes step is intended to protect against this to some extent, by > > adjusting 'too small' standard errors towards the overall variance > > estimate, but protecting against something and completely eliminating it > > are two different things. So it may be that the differences for these > > controls aren't that great, and it is just happenstance that the > > intra-group variance is small enough to get statistical significance. > > One thing you can do to protect against that sort of thing is to filter > > out probesets that don't really change expression very much in any > > samples (or just use getMainProbes and nuke all these controls in the > > first place, which is what I would do). > > > > Second, just because something shows up in a topTable, doesn't mean it > > is actually differentially expressed. I don't know how you are adjusting > > for multiple comparisons, but let's just assume you are using FDR. If > > you then take the probesets with an FDR > 0.05, you are accepting that > > up to 5% of the probesets in that list are false positives. In other > > words, 5% of the probesets in that table aren't really differentially > > expressed, they just happen to have a large t-statistic by chance. Thus, > > the rescue probeset(s) that you have might just be false positives. > > > > Best, > > > > Jim > > > > > > > > No need to send the function, but thanks in any case for offering. > > > > > > Regards, > > > > > > Maria > > > > > > > Date: Fri, 29 Nov 2013 09:04:20 -0500 > > > > From: jmacdon@uw.edu > > > > To: guest@bioconductor.org > > > > CC: bioconductor@r-project.org; mmaqueda@live.com > > > > Subject: Re: [BioC] Analysis of Affymetrix Human Gene 2.0 ST arrays > > > > > > > > Hi Maria, > > > > > > > > > > > > On 11/29/2013 6:18 AM, María Maqueda [guest] wrote: > > > > > Dear all, > > > > > > > > > > I am analyzing a set of Affymetrix Human Gene 2.0 ST arrays, this > > > is my first time working with this type of arrays so I have a few > > > general questions. I would very much appreciate any advice you could > give. > > > > > > > > > > (1) I have obtained different lists of differentially expressed > > > genes (using eBayes() from limma). In those lists, some control > > > transcripts are popping up (i.e normgene -> intron category among > > > other categories). I was not expecting this type of transcripts at > > > this point. In theory after normalization, no control transcripts > > > should appear, am I right? Have you experienced this? > > > > > I have read that one possibility is to use getMainProbes before > > > topTable selection but I wonder if there could be something wrong from > > > the beginning with my normalization process (I have used rma() – > > > transcript level - from oligo). What is your opinion? > > > > > > > > I don't think it has anything to do with the normalization. Instead, > I > > > > think it is a combination of poorly designed probes and highly > > > expressed > > > > genes for which there are sufficient unprocessed mRNA transcripts > that > > > > still have their introns intact (remember that the processing of > > > samples > > > > stops all enzymatic activity very quickly as a first step, so any > mRNA > > > > that is in the process of being transcribed, or is just finishing > > > > transcription will likely still have introns). > > > > > > > > > > > > > > (2) This type of arrays also includes lincRNA transcripts and I am > > > interested in considering them for my analysis. The thing is that I am > > > using hugene20sttranscriptcluster.db for annotation and these lincRNA > > > are not included. Would this library be able to handle them? > > > > > > > > Hypothetically yes, as of now not really. It doesn't seem like that > > > many > > > > have been annotated with Entrez Gene IDs, and until that happens they > > > > won't appear in the annotation packages. And even for those that do > > > have > > > > Entrez Gene IDs, the information stops there - you go to NCBI and it > > > > just says that the lincRNA is supposed to exist, but nothing else. > > > > > > > > > > > > > > (3) I tried to make my own annotation package thru makeDBPackage > > > based on .csv annotation file from Affy but I got an error…: Error > > > in `[.data.frame`(csvFile, , GenBank IDName) : undefined columns > selected > > > > > I have already read in this mailing list that makeDBPackage may > > > expect a HGU133plus2 annotation “style†. Would the library > > > annotationForge be able to handle this? > > > > > > > > AnnotationForge cannot handle the csv files for these arrays > directly, > > > > as they are completely different from the old style 3'-biased arrays > > > > like the hgu133plus2 that you mention. I have a function I can give > you > > > > to make the input file for the annotation package, but I don't think > it > > > > is worth it because it would be the function that I already used to > > > make > > > > the annotation package you can get from BioC. So you could go through > > > > all the effort to make something you can already get. > > > > > > > > But if you want it, I will send it to you. > > > > > > > > Best, > > > > > > > > Jim > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > Many thanks in advance for any help! > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > María Maqueda > > > > > > > > > > Biomedical Engineering Research Centre (CREB) > > > > > Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya (UPC) > > > > > > > > > > -- output of sessionInfo(): > > > > > > > > > >> sessionInfo() > > > > > R version 3.0.1 (2013-05-16) > > > > > Platform: x86_64-w64-mingw32/x64 (64-bit) > > > > > > > > > > locale: > > > > > [1] LC_COLLATE=Spanish_Spain.1252 LC_CTYPE=Spanish_Spain.1252 > > > > > [3] LC_MONETARY=Spanish_Spain.1252 LC_NUMERIC=C > > > > > [5] LC_TIME=Spanish_Spain.1252 > > > > > > > > > > attached base packages: > > > > > [1] parallel stats graphics grDevices utils datasets methods base > > > > > > > > > > other attached packages: > > > > > [1] human.db0_2.9.0 AnnotationForge_1.2.2 > > > > > [3] hugene20sttranscriptcluster.db_2.12.1 org.Hs.eg.db_2.9.0 > > > > > [5] AnnotationDbi_1.22.6 BiocInstaller_1.12.0 > > > > > [7] limma_3.16.8 pd.hugene.2.0.st_3.8.0 > > > > > [9] oligo_1.24.2 Biobase_2.20.1 > > > > > [11] oligoClasses_1.22.0 BiocGenerics_0.6.0 > > > > > [13] RSQLite_0.11.4 DBI_0.2-7 > > > > > > > > > > loaded via a namespace (and not attached): > > > > > [1] affxparser_1.32.3 affyio_1.28.0 annotate_1.38.0 > > > > > [4] Biostrings_2.28.0 bit_1.1-10 codetools_0.2-8 > > > > > [7] ff_2.2-12 foreach_1.4.1 genefilter_1.42.0 > > > > > [10] GenomicRanges_1.12.5 IRanges_1.18.4 iterators_1.0.6 > > > > > [13] preprocessCore_1.22.0 splines_3.0.1 stats4_3.0.1 > > > > > [16] survival_2.37-4 tools_3.0.1 XML_3.98-1.1 > > > > > [19] xtable_1.7-1 zlibbioc_1.6.0 > > > > > > > > > > -- > > > > > Sent via the guest posting facility at bioconductor.org. > > > > > > > > > > _______________________________________________ > > > > > Bioconductor mailing list > > > > > Bioconductor@r-project.org > > > > > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/bioconductor > > > > > Search the archives: > > > http://news.gmane.org/gmane.science.biology.informatics.conductor > > > > > > > > -- > > > > James W. MacDonald, M.S. > > > > Biostatistician > > > > University of Washington > > > > Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences > > > > 4225 Roosevelt Way NE, # 100 > > > > Seattle WA 98105-6099 > > > > > > > > -- > > James W. MacDonald, M.S. > > Biostatistician > > University of Washington > > Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences > > 4225 Roosevelt Way NE, # 100 > > Seattle WA 98105-6099 > > > > [[alternative HTML version deleted]] > > > _______________________________________________ > Bioconductor mailing list > Bioconductor@r-project.org > https://stat.ethz.ch/mailman/listinfo/bioconductor > Search the archives: > http://news.gmane.org/gmane.science.biology.informatics.conductor > [[alternative HTML version deleted]]
ADD COMMENTlink written 4.0 years ago by Federico Lasa80
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