Missing probesets when creating Affymetrix GeneChip miRNA 4.0 CDF package using makecdfenv package
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@james-w-macdonald-5106
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Hi Lei, Without exploring further I have to make guesses. However, my best guess is that you are losing probesets for which the probes completely overlap between probesets. Remember that this array is pretty crazy. Mature miRNA transcripts are only 21-23 bases long, and the Affy probes are all 25-mers, so a probeset usually consists of something like 9 identical probes. In addition, an miRNA for one species is often identical to the miRNA from another, so you could hypothetically have two probesets that are supposed to measure miRNA from two different species, but the two probesets would just be made up of the same 9 identical probes! So here is an example. If I use the affxparser package to read in the cdf you gave me, I have the 36k probesets you are expecting. If I then use makecdfenv to create a cdf package, I only have the 25k you are seeing. Now if we look at let-7-5p in mirBase, we have this page: http://www.mirbase.org/cgi-bin/query.pl?terms=let-7-5p&submit=Search You can see that there are 7 mature miRNAs, from seven different species. All of these exist on the cdf, but when we run it through makecdfenv, the only one that survives is MIMAT0030474_st If I write a little function to parse out the (x,y) coordinates for all seven of these probesets, I get this: $MIMAT0000001_st [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8] [,9] x 450 143 279 51 381 163 497 16 366 y 57 60 164 276 277 390 390 493 495$MIMAT0000396_st [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8] [,9] x 13 480 125 234 434 29 445 174 317 y 62 85 89 186 300 309 382 393 528 $MIMAT0004190_st [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8] [,9] x 13 480 125 234 434 29 445 174 317 y 62 85 89 186 300 309 382 393 528$MIMAT0008354_st [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8] [,9] x 447 206 250 36 400 202 438 352 255 y 85 98 174 280 324 425 435 498 540 $MIMAT0014366_st [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8] [,9] x 255 50 376 97 531 225 413 125 473 y 61 202 203 312 317 411 428 510 530$MIMAT0021417_st [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8] [,9] x 450 143 279 51 381 163 497 16 366 y 57 60 164 276 277 390 390 493 495 \$MIMAT0030474_st [,1] [,2] [,3] [,4] [,5] [,6] [,7] [,8] [,9] x 289 468 153 25 302 413 41 172 458 y 103 198 201 205 328 425 434 536 536 So at least some of these probesets are really just the same thing twice. Without going deeper, I can't say for sure that this is the only thing going on, but you now see how crazy this array really is. Best, Jim On Wednesday, January 15, 2014 3:53:25 PM, Huang, Lei [BSD] - CRI wrote: > Thanks a lot Jim! Do you think the problems you found also contribute to the missing probesets when building cdf package from makecdfenv? > > Best, > > Lei > On Jan 15, 2014, at 2:30 PM, James W. MacDonald <jmacdon at="" u.washington.edu=""> wrote: > >> Hi Lei, >> >> It turns out that there are at least two differences between the miRNA 4.0 array and those that came before it. >> >> First, there are now no MM probes at all (for the 3.0, for example, there were 180 MM probes). This is the cause of the error you see when trying to make the pd.mirna.4.0 package. The code expects MM probes and thus tries to put those probes into the 'mmfeature' table of the database, and errors when there are none. This is pretty easy to fix - you can just put a test for MM probes into the code, and if there are no MM probes you just skip that step. Hypothetically I could have patched the code and sent you a pd.mirna.4.0 package that would work (and then sent the patch to Benilton Carvalho). >> >> However, there is a bigger problem that will require more effort, and should be handled by Benilton. Prior versions of the miRNA arrays never shared probes between probesets, so the code for building the pd package for the existing miRNA arrays is a modification of the code used to create pd packages for the Exon ST arrays, which also never share probes among probesets. >> >> The miRNA 4.0 array is now like the Gene ST arrays, which also share probes between probesets, so the code will have to be modified to account for that fact. This will take more than a couple of simple changes, so you (we) will have to wait for Benilton to fix it. >> >> Best, >> >> Jim >> >> On 1/15/2014 1:15 AM, Lei Huang [guest] wrote: >>> Dear all, >>> >>> I am working on a set of Affymetrix GeneChip miRNA 4.0 microarray data and would like to perform differential expression analysis using Bioconductor packages. Since this is a fairly new platform, no CDF and annotation packages are available in bioconductor repository at the moment. Affymetrix folks kindly provided me miRNA 4.0 CDF file as well as sample CEL data. So I desided to create a CDF package by my own using make.cdf.package() from makecdfenv package. I was able to make the package and install it without trouble. However, after I read the raw CEL files and normalized the affybatch with vsnrma()/rma(), I found the number of probesets is only 25065 while the number is 36249 in original Affymetrix miRNA 4.0 CDF file. I am aware that from version 4, Affymetrix changed their naming convention for the probeset IDs, but this shouldn't cause the problem of missing probesets. What I did wrong? I would really appreciate if anyone could give me some hints/advices on solving this >>> problem. >>> >>> -Lei >>> >>> -- >>> Lei Huang >>> Center for Research Informatics >>> Biological Science Division >>> University of Chicago >>> http://cri.uchicago.edu >>> -- >>> >>> P.S. The following are the code and output from my R session: >>> >>>> setwd("~/Documents/Project/mirna/GeneChip 4-0 Array Sample Data") >>>> library(affy) >>>> library(makecdfenv) >>> Loading required package: affyio >>>> pkgpath <- tempdir() >>>> pname <- cleancdfname(whatcdf("20131118_Human-Brain- AM7962-130ng_rep1_(miRNA-4_0).CEL")) >>>> make.cdf.package("miRNA-4_0-st-v1.cdf", cdf.path="~/Documents/Project/mirna/miRNA-4_0-st-v1_CDF", >>> + compress=FALSE, species = "", packagename=pname, package.path = pkgpath) >>> Reading CDF file. >>> Creating CDF environment >>> Wait for about 251 dots........................................... ...................................................................... ...................................................................... ...................................................................... >>> Creating package in /var/folders/rh/rrlg3bcs6kgcj89zm4mgjjxh0000gq /T//RtmpRos3Be/mirna40cdf >>> >>> README PLEASE: >>> A source package has now been produced in >>> /var/folders/rh/rrlg3bcs6kgcj89zm4mgjjxh0000gq/T//RtmpRos3Be/mirna 40cdf. >>> Before using this package it must be installed via 'R CMD INSTALL' >>> at a terminal prompt (or DOS command shell). >>> If you are using Windows, you will need to get set up to install packages. >>> See the 'R Installation and Administration' manual, specifically >>> Section 6 'Add-on Packages' as well as 'Appendix E: The Windows Toolset' >>> for more information. >>> >>> Alternatively, you could use make.cdf.env(), which will not require you to install a package. >>> However, this environment will only persist for the current R session >>> unless you save() it. >>> >>> ## install the cdf package from shell >>> ## cd to mirna40cdf location >>> ## R CMD INSTALL mirna40cdf >>> >>>> library(limma) >>>> library(vsn) >>>> library(mirna40cdf) >>>> >>>> affybatch <- ReadAffy(filenames=list.files()) >>>> affybatch at cdfName >>> [1] "miRNA-4_0" >>> >>> ## normalization >>>> eset.norm <- vsnrma(affybatch) >>> vsn2: 292681 x 8 matrix (1 stratum). >>> Please use 'meanSdPlot' to verify the fit. >>> Calculating Expression >>> >>> ## only 25,065 probesets, the original Affymetrix cdf file contains 36,249 probesets >>>> dim(eset.norm) >>> Features Samples >>> 25065 8 >>> >>> >>> -- output of sessionInfo(): >>> >>>> sessionInfo() >>> R version 3.0.2 (2013-09-25) >>> Platform: x86_64-apple-darwin10.8.0 (64-bit) >>> >>> locale: >>> [1] en_US.UTF-8/en_US.UTF-8/en_US.UTF-8/C/en_US.UTF-8/en_US.UTF-8 >>> >>> attached base packages: >>> [1] parallel stats graphics grDevices utils datasets methods base >>> >>> other attached packages: >>> [1] mirna40cdf_1.38.0 AnnotationDbi_1.24.0 vsn_3.30.0 >>> [4] limma_3.18.9 makecdfenv_1.38.0 affyio_1.30.0 >>> [7] affy_1.40.0 Biobase_2.22.0 BiocGenerics_0.8.0 >>> >>> loaded via a namespace (and not attached): >>> [1] BiocInstaller_1.12.0 compiler_3.0.2 DBI_0.2-7 >>> [4] grid_3.0.2 IRanges_1.20.6 lattice_0.20-24 >>> [7] preprocessCore_1.24.0 RSQLite_0.11.4 stats4_3.0.2 >>> [10] tools_3.0.2 zlibbioc_1.8.0 >>> >>> >>> -- >>> Sent via the guest posting facility at bioconductor.org. >> >> -- >> James W. MacDonald, M.S. >> Biostatistician >> University of Washington >> Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences >> 4225 Roosevelt Way NE, # 100 >> Seattle WA 98105-6099 >> >> > > > ________________________________ > This email is intended only for the use of the individual or entity to which it is addressed and may contain information that is privileged and confidential. If the reader of this email message is not the intended recipient, you are hereby notified that any dissemination, distribution, or copying of this communication is prohibited. If you have received this email in error, please notify the sender and destroy/delete all copies of the transmittal. > > Thank you. -- James W. MacDonald, M.S. Biostatistician University of Washington Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences 4225 Roosevelt Way NE, # 100 Seattle WA 98105-6099