Hi, Im peforming a miRNA-target prediction analysis, so I made use of the mirtarrnaseq library. Im a little naive at this kind of analysis and I dont know if im using the correct approach.

I have on one hand, genes from differential expression analysis (RNAseq) between patients and controls and, on the other hand, diferentialy expressed miRNAs between patients and controls (same samples). My idea was to find out if any of the differentialy expressed genes were targets of the differentialy expressed miRNAs. To this end, I used the 3rd way to conduct the analysis ("Part3 - Identify significant miRNA mRNA relationships for 2 time points" from the guide). Is it the correct way to do it? The obtained correlations allude to how much a target fits a particular miRNA?

Thanks, Maria

Hi,

So yes in this case you can use the third option and your approach is correct. Where you are using the fold change differences between the miRNAs and mRNAs and comparing that to a random background assumption of differences between all miRNAs and mRNA fold changes after sampling to see if specific miRNA-mRNA difference is significantly different enough or the difference is random. Your significant interactions demonstrate if there is enough statistical evidence to state your miRNA-mRNA difference ( up regulation of one and down regulation of the other) is not random.

Hope this was clear!

-Mercedeh

First of all, thank you so much for your reply.

So if I understood well, if I obtain a significant correlation between mRNA1 and a miRNA1, it means ,on the one hand, that mRNA1 is a target for miRNA1 and, on the other hand, that if miRNA1 is downregulated and mRNA1 is upregulated, that difference between fold changes is not random.

Thanks again, your library was really useful to me.

Maria

Yes that is correct