Complex Heatmap shows just one color
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Entering edit mode
Assa Yeroslaviz ★ 1.5k
@assa-yeroslaviz-1597
Last seen 7 days ago
Munich, Germany

I would like to visualize my data using the Heatmap function from the ComplexHeatmap package, which I find to be a very good combination of annotations and expression values in one image.

Unfortunately I am not sure, what I'm doing wrong here. My heatmap shows just one color.

The code to create the Heatmap is

col_fun = colorRamp2(c(-3, 0, 3), c("green", "white", "red"))

Heatmap(mat, name = "expression", km = 8, top_annotation = ha,
    show_row_names = FALSE, show_column_names = FALSE, col=col_fun) +
  Heatmap(expr$gene_biotype, name = "biotype", width = unit(5, "mm"),
          col = circlize::rand_color(length(unique(expr$gene_biotype))) )

mat is a matrix of RNA-Seq expression values, normalized with the DESeq2 package. It contains all significantly deregulated genes (11332 genes with padj <= 0.05).

There are strong fluctuations within the data (see the summary below)

> summary(mat)
  01_Flox_S13         02_Flox_S1        03_Flox_S21        04_Flox_S17        05_Flox_S27       06_Rab7KO23_S28   
 Min.   :     0.0   Min.   :     0.0   Min.   :     0.0   Min.   :     0.0   Min.   :     0.0   Min.   :     0.0  
 1st Qu.:   241.4   1st Qu.:   248.3   1st Qu.:   241.2   1st Qu.:   245.9   1st Qu.:   244.5   1st Qu.:   257.7  
 Median :   990.6   Median :   999.9   Median :   987.7   Median :  1003.4   Median :   992.1   Median :  1031.4  
 Mean   :  2505.1   Mean   :  2502.6   Mean   :  2492.8   Mean   :  2515.5   Mean   :  2503.8   Mean   :  2558.4  
 3rd Qu.:  2621.8   3rd Qu.:  2653.3   3rd Qu.:  2612.4   3rd Qu.:  2648.7   3rd Qu.:  2637.9   3rd Qu.:  2609.6  
 Max.   :274498.5   Max.   :272329.5   Max.   :275464.8   Max.   :265434.6   Max.   :267117.7   Max.   :275797.9  
 07_Rab7KO23_S24    08_Rab7KO23_S23    09_Rab7KO23_S29    10_Rab7KO23_S8     11_Rab7KO25_S5     12_Rab7KO25_S19   
 Min.   :     0.0   Min.   :     0.0   Min.   :     0.0   Min.   :     0.0   Min.   :     0.0   Min.   :     0.0  
 1st Qu.:   256.7   1st Qu.:   254.5   1st Qu.:   256.3   1st Qu.:   252.8   1st Qu.:   260.9   1st Qu.:   255.5  
 Median :  1028.7   Median :  1021.7   Median :  1017.2   Median :  1026.0   Median :  1026.5   Median :  1023.3  
 Mean   :  2502.9   Mean   :  2507.6   Mean   :  2498.0   Mean   :  2514.1   Mean   :  2540.8   Mean   :  2516.9  
 3rd Qu.:  2602.2   3rd Qu.:  2591.6   3rd Qu.:  2584.8   3rd Qu.:  2595.6   3rd Qu.:  2576.9   3rd Qu.:  2608.9  
 Max.   :256343.7   Max.   :259078.5   Max.   :250331.2   Max.   :267339.0   Max.   :310160.6   Max.   :301711.7  
 13_Rab7KO25_S16    14_Rab7KO25_S15    15_Rab7KO25_S2    
 Min.   :     0.0   Min.   :     0.0   Min.   :     0.0  
 1st Qu.:   257.8   1st Qu.:   257.2   1st Qu.:   256.7  
 Median :  1027.5   Median :  1021.9   Median :  1028.9  
 Mean   :  2519.0   Mean   :  2520.9   Mean   :  2513.1  
 3rd Qu.:  2599.7   3rd Qu.:  2604.9   3rd Qu.:  2590.6  
 Max.   :303185.3   Max.   :299469.0   Max.   :305042.9

The results of this command can be seen to the left in the image below, while the results of my heatmap.2 command is to the right (where the colors are much more distinguish between up- and down-regulated genes).

https://i.postimg.cc/s2p1b80p/Screen-Shot-2021-04-18-at-12-03-14-PM.png

Do I somehow need to scale the data before plotting it?

Thanks for any advice.

Heatmap ComplexHeatmap colorRamp • 86 views
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Entering edit mode
@kevin
Last seen 14 minutes ago
Naas, Republic of Ireland

Yes, with ComplexHeatmap, you have to scale the data outside of the function, and/or correctly set values for breaks to accommodate the distribution of whatever data that you are using. I go over this in my tutorial: https://github.com/kevinblighe/E-MTAB-6141

Kevin

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1
Entering edit mode

thanks, I figure this was my problem.

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